Victor Hugo was a French poet, novelist, and dramatist of the Romantic movement. He is considered one of the greatest and best-known French writers. Hugo's literary works are known for their richness in variety of themes and imagery, as well as their exploration of the human condition. He is best known for his novels Les Misérables and Temple of Our Lady in Paris, as well as his epic poem The Legend of the Centuries. Hugo was also a passionate political activist who fought for social justice and freedom of speech. He was an outspoken critic of the French government during the Second Empire and was exiled from France for several years. His works have been translated into more than 100 languages and have inspired numerous adaptations in film, television, theatre, opera, ballet, and musicals.