Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was a German writer, poet, and statesman who lived from 1749 to 1832. He is considered one of the most influential figures in Western literature and is best known for his works Faust and The Suffering of Young Werther. He was also a major figure in the Sturm und Drang movement of the late 18th century. Goethe was an advocate for the Romantic movement and wrote extensively on philosophy, science, art, and literature. He was also a proponent of the Enlightenment ideals of reason and progress. Goethe's influence extended beyond Germany to other countries such as France, England, Italy, and Russia. His works have been translated into many languages and continue to be read around the world today.