František Palacký (1798-1876) was a Czech historian and politician who is considered the father of modern Czech nationalism. He was born in Moravia and studied at the University of Vienna, where he developed an interest in history. He wrote extensively on the history of Bohemia and Moravia, as well as on the history of Central Europe. He was a leader in the Czech National Revival movement, which sought to revive Czech culture and language after centuries of German domination. He also served as a member of the Austrian Parliament from 1848 to 1849. Palacký's work helped to shape modern Czech identity and his legacy continues to be celebrated today.