Božena Němcová (1820-1862) was a Czech writer and poet who is considered one of the most important figures in Czech literature. She wrote novels, short stories, and poetry that explored the lives of rural Czech people and their struggles with poverty and oppression. Her most famous work is the novel Babička (Grandmother), which has been translated into many languages and is still widely read today. She was also an advocate for women's rights, and her works often featured strong female characters who challenged traditional gender roles. Božena Němcová's legacy continues to inspire generations of writers in the Czech Republic and beyond.