Raphael is a Renaissance master painter and architect from the 16th century. He was born in Urbino, Italy and is best known for his works in the Vatican, such as the School of Athens and the Sistine Chapel. He was a master of both painting and architecture, creating some of the most iconic works of art in history. His style was characterized by its clarity, harmony, and balance. He was also an innovator in terms of technique, using oil paints to create a more vivid effect than had been seen before. Raphael's influence on art has been immense, inspiring generations of artists to come.