Karl May was a German writer of adventure fiction, best known for his stories set in the American Old West and Middle East. He wrote over 100 novels and short stories, many of which were adapted into films. He was born in 1842 in Saxony, Germany and died in 1912. His works are still popular today, especially among German-speaking audiences. He is credited with creating the genre of Wild West fiction and is often referred to as the "King of Adventure". His stories often feature Native Americans, cowboys, outlaws, and other characters from the American frontier. He also wrote about the Middle East and its people, drawing on his own experiences from travels to Egypt and Palestine. His works have been translated into more than 40 languages and have sold over 200 million copies worldwide.