Hans Christian Andersen was a Danish author and poet, best known for his fairy tales. He wrote over 150 stories, including classics such as "The Little Mermaid," "The Ugly Duckling," and "The Emperor's New Clothes." He was born in Odense, Denmark in 1805 and died in Copenhagen in 1875. He was a prolific writer who wrote both fiction and non-fiction works. His stories have been translated into more than 125 languages and have inspired countless adaptations for stage, film, television, and other media. Andersen's work has been praised for its insight into human nature and its ability to capture the imagination of children and adults alike. His stories continue to be enjoyed by readers around the world today.